Science for All Americans

Science for All Americans

Cut from the site: “Science for All Americans” defines science literacy and lays out some principles for effective learning and teaching. In coherent prose, it articulates and connects fundamental ideas in science without technical vocabulary and dense detail.
What Is Science Literacy?
Project 2061 defines science literacy broadly, emphasizing the connections among ideas in the natural and social sciences, mathematics, and technology. Science for All Americans includes specific recommendations for learning in the following areas:

  • The Nature of Science includes the scientific world view, scientific methods of inquiry, and the nature of the scientific enterprise.
  • The Nature of Mathematics describes the creative processes involved in both theoretical and applied mathematics.
  • The Nature of Technology examines how technology extends our abilities to change the world and the tradeoffs necessarily involved.
  • The Physical Setting lays out basic ideas about the content and structure of the universe (on astronomical, terrestrial, and sub-microscopic levels) and the physical principles on which it seems to run.
  • The Living Environment delineates basic facts and ideas about how living things function and how they interact with one another and their environment.
  • The Human Organism discusses human biology as exemplary of biological systems.
  • Human Society considers individual and group behavior, social organizations, and the process of social change.
  • The Designed World reviews principles of how people shape and control the world through some key areas of technology.
  • The Mathematical World gives basic mathematical ideas, especially those with practical application, that together play a key role in almost all human endeavors.
  • Historical Perspectives illustrates the science enterprise with ten examples of exceptional significance in the development of science.
  • Common Themes presents general concepts, such as systems and models, that cut across science, mathematics, and technology.
  • Habits of Mind sketches the attitudes, skills, and ways of thinking that are essential to science literacy.

Science for All Americans also includes chapters on effective learning and teaching, reforming education, and next steps toward reform.